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Nowadays, the higher education area has an increasing tendency to internationalize. With the increasing number of international students in the world, national and international strategies gain importance and internationalization is inevitable in higher education. According to the OECD, in 2012, 4.5 million students worldwide received university education in another country outside their home country. This figure is expected to increase to 8 million in 2022.


owadays, many countries attach great importance to internationalization in higher education in order to get more share of international student potential and to develop various strategies in the context of international students.

In parallel with the developments in the world, Turkish Higher Education is experiencing great developments. Many measures are taken under the leadership of the Council of Higher Education and new processes are taking place. Turkey offers new opportunities and facilities for foreign students in every sense. Thus, Turkey is a new center of attraction for foreign students. Some of opportunities that are the important initiatives that strengthen this process are ; Turkey Bologna Process, TURQUAS Project, Erasmus and Erasmus + programs, Turkey Bursa, Mevlana Exchange Program, Joint Degree programs, Project-Based International Exchange Program, YABSİS Project, School Recognition and Accreditation Regulation, extending the length of stay in Turkey after graduation of doctoral students, the HEC The granting of scholarships for international students.

The process which started around 16 thousand in the beginning of 2000s is to continue with 125 thousand students in 2018. Turkish higher education shows a remarkable increase with an increase of about 785%.

10 countries sending the most students to Turkey in the figure are also shown. Syria is the country that sent most students with 13.92% due to migration. When we look at other countries, students from countries neighboring Turkey and cultural ties is seen as providing a high level.

Countries sending the most students in Turkey are as follows:
1. Syria
2. Azerbaijan
3. Turkmenistan
4. Iran
5. Afghanistan
6. Irak
7. Germany
8. Greece
9. Kyrgyzstan
10. Bulgaria

When examining the number of students according to levels, most students were determined to make the undergraduate level, which indicates that eaxh student spent at least 4 years in Turkey.

According to the 2016/17 year of data, the most international students in Turkey are studying at İstanbul University, Anadolu University and Gaziantep University.
These universities are followed by Uludağ University in fourth place and Sakarya University in fifth place. When the 2018 data are examined, an increase in almost all universities in Turkey is observed.

Considering most provinces where international students in Turkey, respectively, of the provinces of Istanbul, Ankara and Eskişehir is understood that. These provinces are followed by Gaziantep in the fourth and İzmir in the fifth.
According to the data, university-based university preference, among thousands of university programs, medical (Health Sciences) ,law program and, computer engineering areas are the most preferred areas.

The areas where the candidates for associate degree were most interested “First and Emergency Aid“, “Anesthesia and Medical Imaging Techniques programmes.

5 Feb 2019